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University College London
University of Cambridge
£500 - £1,000
£1,000 - £5,000
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'Secrets and Knowledge: Medicine, Science and Commerce, 1500-1800' symposium to be held at Cambridge University on 15-16 February 2008. 17 Oct 2007

Secrets played a central role in transformations in medical and scientific knowledge in early modern Europe. As a new fascination with novelty began to take hold from the lat fifteenth century, Europeans thirsted for previously unknown details about the natural world: new plants, animals, and other objects from nature, new recipies for medical and alchemical procedures, new knowledge about the human body, and new facts about the way nature worked. These 'secrets' became popular items of commerce and trade, as the quest for new and exclusive bits of natural knowledge met the vibrant early modern marketplace. Whether disclosed widely in print or kept more circumspect in manuscripts, secrets helped drive an expanding interest in nature throughout early modern Europe. The conference will provide a much-needed forum to explore recent research on the circulation of secrets in medieval and early modern medicine and science. As the first conference in over two decades to focus exclusively on this crucial genre, it will assess the advances and transformations in our understanding of secrets' role in the development of natural knowledge across early modern Europe.

Amount: £3,000
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: University of Cambridge

'The importance of medical history: Transnational and cross-cultural perspectives on a multi-faceted discipline' conference to be held in Mumbai, India from 15th to 17th November 2007. 17 Oct 2007

The importance of medical history: Trans-national and cross-cultural perspectives on a multi-faceted discipline The proposed meeting will be the first of its type in the South Asian sub-continent - dealing with the important questions of historical method and historiography, from trans-national and cross-disciplinary perspectives; it will allow the audience access to a plethora of perspectives on how to study HOM. The projected audience will be university and college teaching, research and administrative staff of all grades, we well as undergraduate and post-graduate students, doctors, print and TV journalists, and independent researchers. A number of well-known scholars have agreed to attend the meeting, as they acknowledge the usefulness of an event like this in popularising HOM in an important education centre in Asia. These academics, who are attached to a number of Wellcome Trust-funded units, will draw upon an important item of their research - dealing with Europe, North America, Asia and further afield - to develop trans-national perspectives of how to study HOM. This meeting will engender a lot of discussion, which is critically important for an endeavour that seeks to provide new insights to post-and under-graduate teachers about important international developments in the discipline, and the most effective ways of teaching and carrying out research. Themes to be covered: History of pharmacology; Anatomy; Global trade and medicine; Medical genetics and gender; Medicine in the early modern period; Public health in 19th and 20th centuries; Global health programmes and disease eradication; War and medicine; International perspectives on rabies; Scottish doctors and British empire; Obstetrics and surgery; Cross-disciplinary perspectives on leprosy and empire; Hospitals; Medicine and 'witchcraft' in the early modern period; Healthcare in colonial Mumbai/India; Health of industrial labour; Oral histories of contemporary medicine and biological science; History of medical practice and multiple meanings of health.

Amount: £600
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: University College London

'Ancient Medicine Panels, Classical Association Conference 2007' to be held at the University of Birmingham from 12-15 April 2007. 19 Feb 2007

Ancient Medicine Panels, Classical Association Conference 2007 The two panels contain papers from various classical disciplines - history, literary studies, archaeology - and cover a large part of the ancient time period. This illustrates the versatile character of the study of ancient medicine, and will help to strengthen its position in the field of classics. List of topics to be covered: Patricia Baker (University of Kent): "Medicine in the Western Roman Provinces: The Body as a Measure of Interaction and Identity" Jane Barton (University of Oxford): "Medical and Magical Papyri in Theory and Practice" Todd Curtis (University of Newcastle): "An Introduction to Perception: Didactic and Rhetorical Strategies in Galen's De pulsibus ad tirones" Jessica Hughes (University of Cambridge): "The Archaeology of Pain" Maithe Hulskamp (Uniersity of Newcastle: "Reading the Signs: The Art of Interpreting Symptoms in Hippocratic Medicine" Charlotte Stickley (University of Newcastle): "Ivy in the Myth and Madness of Dionysus" Laurence Totelin (University of Cambridge): "Playing with Names: Personal Names in Greco-Roman Pharmacological Recipe Collections"

Amount: £1,137
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: University of Cambridge

'PhD Workshop on History of Medieval and Early Modern Science and Medicine' to be held at the University of Cambridge on 23rd March 2007. 19 Feb 2007

PhD Workshop on History of Medieval and Early Modern Science and Medicine Although several excellent training programmes are available for PhD candidates, no specific support is available for students researching medieval and early modern science and medicine. These areas present particular challenges for students, often requiring the acquisition of language and palaeography skills, and the use of material which may be dispersed or incomplete. To address these problems, the workshop will open with a presentation on the issues which distinguish early history of science and medicine from other periods. This will be followed by a panel session on framing research questions from texts, objects, images, and quantitative data. After lunch, a second panel session will concentrate on acquiring or improving practical skills: languages (for instance, setting up support groups, such as Cambridge's Latin Therapy); palaeography; electronic resources; and approaching archives and collections. Each panel will be illustrated by texts and objects from the Whipple Museum's valuable collection of scientific and medical artefacts. The workshop will close with a Q&A session, in which participants will be encouraged to put questions to other students as well as to the panellists. Throughout, particular emphasis will be placed on student interaction and feedback. Feedback forms will be issued early on, with students encouraged to add to these throughout the day. They will also be asked to submit in advance an abstract of their research interests, which will be compiled in a booklet together with their contact details and a list of relevant PhD resources.

Amount: £602
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: University of Cambridge

The 2nd Annual Postgraduate Bioethics Conference: 'Why bioethics? Our research in context'. 30 Jan 2007

The 2nd Annual Postgraduate Bioethics Conference: 'Why Bioethics? Our research in context' This meeting follows last year's inaugural postgraduate bioethics conference, 'Bioethics: Past, Present and Future', held at the University of Birmingham and funded by the Wellcome Trust. This meeting will bring together participants who will inevitably have strengths in quite different disciplines, and will thus provide the opportunity for people to mutually inform each other of their areas of expertise. The meeting has been carefully structured so that the focus is on interaction and discussion between all participants, both during the conference itself, and in the social events outside of it. Keynote speakers will open and close the conference, giving presentations focused on the meeting's key theme, and providing time for discussion. The content of the conference will be broad, and structured according to the interests of those participating. Presentation sessions will be tailored to these interests, with each session being preceded by a plenary paper designed to stimulate discussion about the ways that the foundations and implications of bioethical research might be thought about. We consider this broad scope to be a significant strength of the conference. By situating personal projects within a wide-range of different areas of interest, and the methodological and theoretical assumptions that underpin such areas, an interdisciplinary overview of a rapidly developing field will help to widen the narrow focus of doctoral and masters research projects. Equally, this approach will provide young researchers with a breadth of thinking that is vital for a successful academic career in this field. Building on last year's initiative, we plan again to run an essay competition designed to raise awareness of bioethics in schools. If bioethics is to gain a footing as a discipline in its own right, raising awareness of the issues it incorporates at this level of the educational system is essential.

Amount: £4,555
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: University of Cambridge

New genetic knowledge and 'lay' expertise in cancer research: exmaining the cultural context of ethics and legitimacy. 31 Aug 2007

The project examines the social parameters of 'lay expertise' in relation to cancer research charities. It seeks to explore how lay consumers', fundraisers' or patients' perspectives and involvement are being incorporated within organisational practices and research agendas of charities that are funding research into cancer genetics. This initiative provides a vantage point from which to explore the pursuit and problems surrounding ethical legitimacy in the cultural context of the new genetics. This issue will be addressed by examining how emerging genetic knowledge and the development of lay expertise affect: The pre-existing balance between lay and expert and the nature of the 'gift' relationship in cancer research charities Attempts to incorporate lay perspectives and sustain 'hope' Social relations among different fundraisers and personhood in the context of lay expertise. The transactional social spaces of cancer research charities offer an important arena for ethnographic inquiry and therefore the opportunity to contribute to an understanding of science as a social process.

Amount: £4,814
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: University College London