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The Wellcome Trust
£500 - £1,000


More Humanity: Christine Borland's translation of empathy in medical anatomy and clinical practice and its incorporation in visual art. 14 Jun 2010

First, the proposed research will examine artist Christine Borland's methodology, focusing on notable artworks made during the last fifteen years. Second, it will analyse how contemporary artworks reference medical history and clinical practices towards providing a renewed direction to advanced artistic practice. The key goals are to record an in-depth interview with Christine Borland, with the production of an interview transcript, and to publish the research findings of the project in a peer review journal.

Amount: £887
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: Northumbria University

"Understanding Madness: Between Medieval and Modern Perspectives" to be held in Oxford on 29 March 2010 15 Feb 2010

Exploring the history of understanding madness Competing ways of understanding madness are not a recent phenomenon but are evident throughout history. One interesting and understudied example are the writings of the Jewish physicians who worked at the court of Saladin, the famous Muslim war hero of the Crusader period. How did they understand and treat madness at one of the apogees of medieval science? How did their interpretation compare to those of other people living in the medieval Islamic world? What can poems or the history of hospitals tell us about how madness was understood? Interdisciplinary discourse Historical interpretations of how people understood madness will be evaluated in an interdisciplinary environment. Psychiatrists, philosophers, and neuroscientists will respond to the contributions of historians, evaluating the different explanations and treatments of madness and their relevance to present day debates. Preparation of a larger symposium This workshop is intended to establish a network that will support the development of a larger symposium ?Understanding Madness? in autumn 2010 or spring 2011.

Amount: £885
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: University of Oxford

'Chemistry and pharmacy in the colonial world' to be held at Oxford Brookes University 13th May 2010 18 Jan 2010

Intellectual historians cannot ignore the role played by alchemical practices (experiments, theories, circulation of books and manuscripts, constitution of networks covering the entire European continent and several early colonial settlements) in the agenda of Early Modern learning. Equally, studies published over the last twenty years have much contributed to the appreciation of the role of chemistry in the constitution of research practices in science, technology and medicine, and to the key social and intellectual role played by practitioners of chemistry during the 18th and 19th centuries. Finally, business historians or historians of innovation (including therapeutic innovation) can hardly escape confronting the complex interactions between university and industrial research on a continental and intercontinental level throughout the 20th century. The main goal of the joint Oxford History of Chemistry Seminar series, of which this session is to be a part, is therefore to explore and assert the centrality of the history of chemistry to a variety of research areas dealing with the social, intellectual and economic history of Europe (and beyond) over the last five centuries.

Amount: £600
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: Oxford Brookes University

Preparation of a collaborative research project proposal to study ethical issues in clinical trials in India. 21 Jul 2009

My visit to the University of Edinburgh, in meetings with the scholars/investigators there, would exchange information on the following: (a) Our preliminary data analysis on clinical trial registries to understand the number and spread of clinical trials in India, and if possible, two other countries in the South East Asia, (b) Preliminary data analysis of number of Contract Research Organisations in India, the number and type of clinical trials they are involved in, the volumeof their business and content analysis of the publicly available methods used by them to attract business from the Global and India pharmaceutical companies. (c) To discuss the regulatory frame work for clinical trials in India with focus on the resources available at the office of the Drugs Controller Generalof India and its branches and the functioning of the Institutional Ethics Committees. The meeting and the discussions would help us in formulating research questions and methodology to study clinical trials in India. The research we are planning would be multi-disciplinary with participation of social scientists (anthropology, economics) and public health experts.

Amount: £744
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: Anusandhan Trust

"Phobia: Constructing the phenomenology of chronic fear, 1789 to the present" to be held at Cardiff on 8-9 May 2009 18 Feb 2009

By examining shifts in the constructions of fear and anxiety disorders from 1789 to the present, this interdisciplinary conference investigates the social and cultural appropriations of medical knowledge. It aims to show 1) that changes in the cultural perception of phobias were reconsidered and redefined during periods of change and tension (during the long nineteenth century, at the fin de siecle, during the Cold War, in post-modernity), and 2) that this particular pathological .configuration was enthusiastically adopted, developed and transformed by literary writers, cultural theorists and the media. While the understanding of phobias was historically conditioned, the conference explores in what ways cultural representations of fear and anxiety disorders actively assisted in first disseminating and then transforming medical knowledge and scholarship. The cultural history of phobias is a multidisciplinary one. This conference therefore brings together scholars working in different fields of the medical humanities. It aims to generate a fruitful debate on the interfaces between the social history of medicine, science, literature and popular culture.

Amount: £958
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: University of Glamorgan
Amount: £600
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: University of Liverpool

The history of monastic bloodletting as revealed in medieval monastic account rolls and visitation records 16 Sep 2008

The main purpose of this trip is to carry out research necessary to complete a monograph on the function of periodic bloodletting in medieval monastic life. I will be looking primarily at account rolls from monasteries and cathedral abbeys in order to determine the actual dates on which religious were bled. This is important because preliminary investigations indicate that the bleeding sometimes coincided with days deemed perilous in medical tests; I need to learn whether my initial findings are representative or anomalous. Examining the days when religious were bled may also be one way of determining changes in the practice over time; in addition, it may shed light on differences in bleeding practices between religious orders. Bloodletting appears not only in account rolls; it is also a subject mentioned in many episcopal visitation records and in the General Chapter statutes of the Cistercian and Carthusian orders. This research will provide an opportunity to examine those records more closely to determine concerns associated with the time of bloodletting. The complaints may help to reveal more about the perceived importance of regular bloodletting, its perceived function, as well as anxieties about potential lapses in discipline during the period of convalescence.

Amount: £882
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: Misc United States

The World Health Organization and the social determinants of health: assessing theory, policy and practice (an international conference). 29 Aug 2008

The World Health Oraganisation and the Social Determinants of Health: Assessing theory, policy and practice (An international conference).

Amount: £850
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: University College London

Medicine, Astrology and Philosophy in the Pseudo-Galenic De Spermate 29 Aug 2008

The project is collaboration with Prof. Vivian Nutton to examine the philosophical and astrological background of the pseudo-Galenic De Spermate (existing in Latin translation, dated to the thirteen and fourteen centuries). Our specific goals are to evaluate the philosophical and astrological background of the treatise and in particular its Neoplatonic influence; to establish possible Neoplatonic sources; to examine the dialogue between medicine, philosophy, and astrology in the treatise; to assess the attitude toward astrology in the treatise in the context of the traditional antithetical relationship between medicine and astrology and philosophy in Late Antiquity.

Amount: £750
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: Florida State University

Role of cell surface proteins in the pathogenesis of Clostridium difficile. 15 Apr 2008

The aim of this project is to define C. difficile genes and gene products essential for adherence to host tissues. The objectives are: 1. To establish a robust model of adhesion of C. difficile to the cultured enteric CaCo2 cell line. 2. To further study adhesion using in vitro organ cultures of hamster gut. 3. To create knock-out mutants of defined genes in C. difficile and to analyse their behaviour in the adhesion models of the bacterium with host tissues. Genes and gene products identified as important for adhesion will be further studied using molecular and biochemical techniques.

Amount: £869
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: Imperial College London

'Urban Health in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries' seminar series to be held in 2008 at Glasgow Caledonian University. 19 Dec 2007

This is the second 'themed' seminar series to be organized by the CSHHH; and the success of that held in autumn 2007 attests to the validity of this approach. For spring 2008 the broad theme is 'urban health in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries', an important issue which nonetheless has not been dealt with in any systematic way in recent Scottish conferences/seminar series. The notion of 'urban health' has been broadly construed and this has enabled us to bring to the series a group of historians with differing research and publication interests, but whose work nonetheless has much to tell us about health and social conditions, and the treatment of 'problems' in these areas, in the towns and cities of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

Amount: £698
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: Glasgow Caledonian University

'The importance of medical history: Transnational and cross-cultural perspectives on a multi-faceted discipline' conference to be held in Mumbai, India from 15th to 17th November 2007. 17 Oct 2007

The importance of medical history: Trans-national and cross-cultural perspectives on a multi-faceted discipline The proposed meeting will be the first of its type in the South Asian sub-continent - dealing with the important questions of historical method and historiography, from trans-national and cross-disciplinary perspectives; it will allow the audience access to a plethora of perspectives on how to study HOM. The projected audience will be university and college teaching, research and administrative staff of all grades, we well as undergraduate and post-graduate students, doctors, print and TV journalists, and independent researchers. A number of well-known scholars have agreed to attend the meeting, as they acknowledge the usefulness of an event like this in popularising HOM in an important education centre in Asia. These academics, who are attached to a number of Wellcome Trust-funded units, will draw upon an important item of their research - dealing with Europe, North America, Asia and further afield - to develop trans-national perspectives of how to study HOM. This meeting will engender a lot of discussion, which is critically important for an endeavour that seeks to provide new insights to post-and under-graduate teachers about important international developments in the discipline, and the most effective ways of teaching and carrying out research. Themes to be covered: History of pharmacology; Anatomy; Global trade and medicine; Medical genetics and gender; Medicine in the early modern period; Public health in 19th and 20th centuries; Global health programmes and disease eradication; War and medicine; International perspectives on rabies; Scottish doctors and British empire; Obstetrics and surgery; Cross-disciplinary perspectives on leprosy and empire; Hospitals; Medicine and 'witchcraft' in the early modern period; Healthcare in colonial Mumbai/India; Health of industrial labour; Oral histories of contemporary medicine and biological science; History of medical practice and multiple meanings of health.

Amount: £600
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: University College London

Student Elective Prize for Ms Sharon Liu 29 Aug 2008

Role of SH2-containing inositol 5-phosphate in angiogenesis

Amount: £600
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: University of Birmingham

Student Elective Prize for Mr Matthew J Martin 29 Aug 2008

An in-vitro study of the enhancement of carotid plaque echogenicity with the use of thrombus-targeted microbubbles'

Amount: £960
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: University of Leicester

Student Elective Prize for Mr Lowell Ling 29 Aug 2008

Bone formation and vascularisation on porous bioactive glass scaffolds.

Amount: £600
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: King's College London

No time for panic: British responses to influenza in peace and war, 1889-1919 29 Aug 2008

The 1918 influenza pandemic represents the worst outbreak of infectious disease in Britain in modern times. Although the virus swept the world in three waves between March 1918 and April 1919, in Britain the majority of the estimated 228,000 fatalities occurred in the autumn of 1918. In London alone deaths at the peak of the epidemic were 55.5 per 1,000- the highest since the 1849 cholera epidemic. Yet in the capital as in other great cities and towns throughout Britain, there was none of the panic that had accompanied earlier 19th century outbreaks of infectious disease at the heart of urban populations. Instead, the British response to the 'Spanish Lady' as the pandemic strain of flu was familiarly known was remarkably sanguine. As The Times commented at the height of the pandemic: 'Never since the Black Death has such a plague swept over the face of the world, [and] never, perhaps, has a plague been more stoically accepted.' The apparent absence of marked social responses to the 1918 influenza is a phenomenon much remarked on in the literature of the pandemic, as is the apparent paradox that despite the widespread morbidity and high mortality the pandemic had little apparent impact on public institutions and left few traces in public memory. However, to date no one has explored the deeper cultural 'narratives' that informed and conditioned these responses. Was Britain really a more stoical and robust nation in 1918, or was the absence of medical and other social responses a reflection of the particular social and political conditions that prevailed in Britain during the First World War and then medical nosologies and cultural perceptions of influenza? And if the 1918 pandemic was 'overshadowed,' as one writer puts it, by the war and the peace that followed the Armistice, what explains the similarly muted response to the Russian flu pandemic of the early 1890's, a disease outbreak that coincided with a long period of peace and stability in Britain? In this project I aim to show that, contrary to previous studies, both the 1918 and the 1889-92 Russian flu pandemic were the objects of much deeper public concern and anxiety than has previously been acknowledged and that the morbidity of prominent members of British society, coupled with the high mortality, occasioned widespread 'dread' and in some cases alarm. However, in 1918 at least, government departments and public institutions actively suppressed these concerns for the sake of the war effort and the maintenance of national morale.

Amount: £657
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: University College London