Hospitals and the Development of Modern Medicine in Iran from the Early Nineteenth Century until the Beginning of the Second World War. (360G-Wellcome-081478_Z_06_A)
This project proposes to explore the development of modern medicine in Iran from the early nineteenth century until the beginning of the Second World War, testing the hypothesis that social and political evolution throughout this period constituted the driving force in the emergence of modern medicine. The three major factors involved in this evolution were: the military, the Constitutional Revolution (1906-11), and the religious establishment. In the nineteenth century, military modernisation provided the major impetus for medical modernisation. In the twentieth century, however, other socio-political factors became prominent in this process: the Constitutional Revolution went hand in hand with the growth of civil society and of nationalism. At this period, medical modernisation responded to the growing consciousness about bodily and environmental health. Under Reza Shah (1925- 41), nationalism became the ideological force behind centralisation of power and medical modernisation responded both to the centralisation of power and increasing demand for social welfare. It was within the framework of these socio-political developments that waqf (charitable endowments) were increasingly donated for hospital construction and maintenance, while they had mostly been reserved for religious purposes during the nineteenth century.
£14,308 31 Aug 2007