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The Wellcome Trust
£1,000 - £5,000


Planning Families in Twentieth Century Sub-Saharan Africa 06 Nov 2017

Project: I will use my sabbatical in 2018 to conduct research towards a new research project, Planning Families in Twentieth Century Sub-Saharan Africa. The project centres on attempts to reconfigure the African family in the twentieth century, including the role of family planning and birth control. The project will constitute a significant intervention into the history of gender, aid, and post-coloniality in Africa.This project will be comparative in nature, focusing on Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania and South Africa. Project Goal: To date there has been no systematic study of the history of birth control technologies in independent Africa. Producing one is a significant and important goal of my research. Relevance to Wellcome Trust: As part of the project I need to investigate key collections in the Wellcome Library. Some of these are reference in the archival guide: AMS/G/BCTitleArchives and Manuscripts Resource Guide, but this guide does not contain references to all relevant archival material and there is much more to be examined which is of relevance to Africa and which is not available online.

Amount: £3,480
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: University of Johannesburg

Urban Antibodies 06 Nov 2017

Urban Antibodies is a long-term project that imagines the city as a living organism, looking at sites of toxicity and vulnerability, healing and care - with a focus on plant knowledge and medicine. The project draws on historical research into the development of pharmaceutical drugs based on plants, with a focus on the Boots Archive (Nottingham) and Wellcome Library (London). I will research specific plants and their stories - with a particular focus on the import of ‘exotic’ plants through the era of British colonialism, the development of botany as a discipline and the development of major pharmaceutical drugs from plants. I will also be exploring specific urban sites to investigate histories of industrial pharmaceutical companies in relation to local plant knowledge, the role of women in the development of medicinal knowledge, and the institutionalisation of medicine. Through the research process I will gather material to generate new artwork, including site-based performance, video, print-making and writing.

Amount: £4,440
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: No Organisation

Open Access Awards 2017/18 30 Sep 2018

Not available

Amount: £3,933
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: University of Bath

Digitisation of medical manuscripts 31 Mar 2015

The medical collection at Pembroke consists of seven bound volumes of manuscripts, dating from the twelfth to the fifteenth century, each containinga mixture of texts. It is thought that they may have been in the possession ofThomas Clayton (1575-1647), the first Master of Pembroke College, and Regius Professor of Medicine at Oxford University. The texts represent the typical medical canon of medieval medicine, including older copies of well-known texts, which are of particular interest when compared to similar copies from around the world. The objective of the project is to ensure the preservation of these manuscripts for the future, and to improve access to them for the world-wide scholarly community. Following a Wellcome Trust funded conservation survey, the first part of this project will seek to improve the condition of the manuscripts by carrying out the recommended conservation work, including cleaning and minor repairs. Once completed, new archive boxes will be made to ensure that they are stored safely to maintain their condition. After the conservation work, the manuscripts will be photographed by Bodleian Imaging Services, who are able to take high quality images without damage to the manuscripts. This will provide digital surrogates for the manuscripts, which will be mounted on a public website, accessible from anywhere and for everyone. The resource will be publicised through the Medical Humanities community, ensuring wide access for all who wish to consult the texts.

Amount: £2,100
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: Pembroke College

Childhood Maltreatment and Lifetime Resilience: an archival pilot study. 20 Jul 2015

Childhood maltreatment and lifetime resilience is a new research project that seeks to understand the lives of people who experienced maltreatment during childhoods in Britain c.1930-1975. The project is innovatively interdisciplinary and collaborative, combining historical and psychological approaches to study how, and to what extent, people navigated pathways to resilience across their lives. Existing studies of resilience in the face of maltreatment have focused on protective factors in child hood, so that little is known about pathways to resilience over the life-course and how historically-specific understandings of maltreatment affect these. This research begins to fill these gaps in academic scholarship, so as to also contribute to improvements in policy-making and practice. Our application relates to the first stage of this research, in order to conduct a small pilot study using the archives of The Children's Society. The relevant case files relating to children who grew up i n charitable care following identified maltreatment are uncatalogued and have not been subject to previous academic study. It is therefore necessary to conduct an initial systematic examination of these files, so as to plan future research with the knowledge of possibilities and challenges these sources pose for qualitative and quantitative analysis.

Amount: £4,437
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: University of Oxford

Digitisation of the Journal of the Royal Naval Medical Service archive, 1915-present. 25 Nov 2014

To preserve and provide access to, the archive of 14,349 pages of the Journal of the Royal Naval Medical Service by digitisation.

Amount: £2,230
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: University of Oxford

Is Disease an Indicator of Age? Radiological and morphological analysis of the sub-adult (younger than age 18 at time of death) skeletons in the crypt of St. Bride’s, London 30 Sep 2015

This project, "Is Disease an Indicator of Age? Radiological and morphological analysis of the sub-adult ( The proposed project has two goals: first, to identify, specifically with regard to children, the extent to which disease burden and age-at-death correlated in the past. The second goal is to address how correlations between disease burden (as observed in skeletal remains) and age-at-death (as confirmed by historical records) inform our current understanding of the relationship between age and disease in the setting of the third epidemiological transition. An investigation of similar questions, though limited to adults, was successfully carried out, and manuscripts and abstracts are currently being prepared for submission to a radiology journal and paleopathology and radiology conferences. These efforts would be furthered and extended by the proposed project, which would provide for complete integration of data across all ages-at-death, including data generated from studying the remains of sub-adults, in the St. Bride’s assemblage.

Amount: £2,698
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: No Organisation

Dissecting the Page: Medical Paratexts Conference. 22 Jun 2015

'Dissecting the Page' is the first conference on medical paratexts, to be held on 11 September 2015, University of Glasgow. Understanding paratext as the apparatus of graphic communication (titles, prefaces, illustrations, marginalia, etc.), the conference will combine periodic and disciplinary approaches to the paratextual study of medicine, from medieval medical manuscripts to contemporary graphic novels. It will draw together academics, archivists, and creative and medical practitioners inter ested in graphic representations of medicine. By focusing on medical paratexts across multiple periods, we hope to establish a multidisciplinary network of scholars, combining material, textual, and graphic approaches to medical history and practice. We have three keynote speakers: Professor Graham Caie, Professorial Research Fellow, University of Glasgow; Dr Deborah Thorpe, postdoctoral scholar, University of York; Dr Ian Williams, physician, artist and writer. All three speakers have expres sed interest in our conference. Prof. Caie will draw on his extensive knowledge of the Hunterian Collection. Dr Thorpe will speak on neurodegenerative disorders and medieval scribes. Finally, Dr Williams will discuss the creative and medical practices that influence his art, drawing on 'Graphic Medicine' and 'The Bad Doctor'. We will host fifty delegates, and intend to publish an edited collection from the conference proceedings.

Amount: £1,535
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: University of Glasgow

Archival Research into the Theatrical Component of Early Modern Spanish Medical Practice. 29 May 2015

Archival research in four different locations in Spain, one week each. In each case, the goal is to find information in legal and other documents regarding any theatrical component in any medical practice, including the sale of medicine. These components can range from simple street-hawking, to setting up shop in a public place, to oration and speech-making in a public place, including song-and-dance as a means to attract and convince patients. 1) Archivo Hist rico Nacional: The Consejos section is housed here, which contains legal documents related to the licensing and disputes involving medical practitioners in Madrid. 2) Archivo General de Simancas: This archive contains legal documents related to the licensing and disputes involving medical practitioners, especially salary disputes, that are not contained in the Archivo Hist rico Nacional. 3) Archivo de la Real Chanciller a de Valladolid: This archive contains the documentation of many lawsuits involving medical pract itioners. 4) Archivo del Reino de Valencia: This archive a source of documentation on what Mar a Luz L pez Terrada calls extra-academic medical practices , evidence of which may not be covered by documents in other archives, or has been lost, or destroyed elsewhere.

Amount: £2,943
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: University of St Andrews

'Prostheses in Antiquity' One Day Conference. 29 May 2015

I am organising a one day academic conference, 'Prostheses in Antiquity', to be held on Tuesday 30th June 2015 at the University of Wales Trinity Saint David, in order to inaugurate an interdisciplinary research project and establish an international research network. I am applying for financial assistance to cover the costs of this event. These costs include catering for the conference, and travel expenses and two nights' accommodation for the delegates, who are coming not only from the UK, but also from France, Germany, Austria, the Netherlands, America, and Australia.

Amount: £3,102
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: University of Wales

Patient Safety: Looking Back, Going Forward. 31 Mar 2015

The General Medical Council (GMC) has launched a radical consultation this year, which will place patient safety at the heart of medical education and training across the UK. Even so, historically, it remains a neglected area of research in the medical humanities. This has created a policy vacuum and one that urgently needs to be filled by bringing together researchers, practitioners and patient groups to speak about how to maintain a safe environment for patients. Our proposed one-day workshop is therefore being convened in June 2015 at Leicester University at a critical time in patient-safety research and policy. It will be primarily for front-facing staff medical professionals, healthcare managers and patient groups confronted by the challenges of managing patient safety on a daily basis. Delegates will share the latest historical research during the workshop, to stimulate new conversations about how the lessons of the medical humanities can inform current practice. By way of examp le, we have attached one of the proposed planned break-out workshops. It is envisaged that this interactive format will lead to a larger grant application to the Wellcome Trust in the foreseeable future, with the primary purpose of bringing together various stakeholders in nationwide patient safety.

Amount: £2,450
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: University of Leicester

Gender stereotypes in ADHD diagnosis. 31 Mar 2015

This small-scale social epidemiology project seeks to establish evidence for a gender bias in the diagnosis of childhood Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). It will question whether boys are more likely to receive a diagnosis than girls, given equally severe symptoms. Social epidemiologists in child psychiatry have suggested there is likely to be both real differences in ADHD symptomology between genders and additional referral / identification bias towards boys. The latter m ay be because ADHD is stereotyped as a 'male disorder', therefore boys are more likely to be assigned the label, whereas girls with comparable difficulties are overlooked. The methodology will be a secondary analysis of data from a birth cohort which comprises 14,000 children. Two groups, one with, and one without ADHD diagnosis will be matched on symptom severity. Gender ratios will be compared between these two groups. It is important to establish whether there is referral/ labelling bia s to help clinicians recognise girls who might benefit from ADHD diagnosis. The findings will also inform on-going debates about over-diagnosis of ADHD in boys. Outputs include one journal article, a press release, and workshops with ADHD charities.

Amount: £4,985
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: University of Exeter

Exploring the health challenges and inequalities of the new food aid system: a seminar discussion on working with and within foodbanks. 02 Feb 2015

Food poverty poses significant concerns for wellbeing, nutrition related conditions, and social justice (1). In wealthier countries, it is often under researched and under acknowledged, as it highlights persistent health and social inequalities. In the UK, charities are filling the void left by rising food prices and lowered incomes as increasing numbers of people seek out emergency food aid. Food poverty has the potential to exacerbate health inequalities and yet there is an absence of resear ch on the health and wellbeing outcomes and a lack of knowledge about the extent and scale of food poverty at the population level. We propose a meeting featuring presentations and insights from different actors working in and with the food aid system. A public health audience will be invited to join the debate with the overall aim of developing a research agenda around the emerging food aid system and the health problems, challenges and inequalities it entails. Specifically, this seminar will comprise talks from a food aid academic, a foodbank manager, and a London GP who regularly refers to foodbanks. This will be followed by the presentation of a newly devised food poverty prevalence measure and a panel discussion.

Landscapes of Health: The Black Sea in the Socialist World. 25 Nov 2014

Landscapes of Health: The Black Sea in the Socialist World is a workshop with two main objectives. First, it seeks to develop our understanding of the role of Black Sea health resorts in socialist medical theory, practice, and culture. It highlights the importance of the sea, rest, environmental health, and natural healing to socialist ideas and practices of health. The workshop develops the idea of the Black Sea coastline of socialist Bulgaria, Romania and the Soviet Union as a shared zone of h ealth in the geography of the socialist world. Second, the workshop develops the idea of health resorts as international meeting places. The workshop marks the 70th anniversary of the Yalta conference (February 4-11, 1945), and brings to light the role of medicine and socialist ideas of health in Cold War diplomacy. Health resorts were showcases of the socialist world, in a Cold War contest fought publicly over welfare and standards of living. This workshop brings together for the first time scholars studying the health resorts of the Black Sea, with contributions from specialists in the history of medicine, history, film, architecture and urban planning, and scholars of both the Soviet Union and the Eastern Bloc.

Amount: £4,900
Funder: The Wellcome Trust
Recipient: Birkbeck University of London