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Explicit representations of uncertainty drive attentional adjustments (360G-Wellcome-206480_Z_17_Z)

The aim of the proposed project is to understand how confidence serves cognitive control, more specifically how explicit representations of uncertainty guide attention. My own research findings and those of others suggest that humans possess an impressive ability to track and report uncertainty in the form of confidence judgements. Confidence has been found to co-vary with people’s objective performance and could thus serve as an internal teaching signal for situations when there is no external feedback that could guide behaviour. In the first part of the fellowship, I plan to study how different sources of uncertainty (internal and external) affect confidence. I predict that low confidence due to internal uncertainty should lead to an increased attentional focus (exploitation), whereas low confidence due to external uncertainty should lead to a widened attentional focus (exploration). In the second part of the fellowship, I would apply my questions to a special clinical population with impaired uncertainty processing: Patients diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have often been found to be underconfident. I expect to find that this is due to an oversensitivity to internal uncertainty and predict to find more exploitation in OCD patients, given their inflated sense of uncertainty.

£250,000

19 Apr 2017

Grant details
Amount Awarded 250000
Applicant Surname Boldt
Approval Committee Basic Science Interview Committee
Award Date 2017-04-19T00:00:00+00:00
Financial Year 2016/17
Grant Programme: Title Sir Henry Wellcome Postdoctoral Fellowship
Internal ID 206480/Z/17/Z
Lead Applicant Dr Annika Boldt
Planned Dates: End Date 2022-07-15T00:00:00+00:00
Planned Dates: Start Date 2018-07-16T00:00:00+00:00
Recipient Org: Country United Kingdom
Region Greater London
Sponsor(s) Dr Sam J Gilbert
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